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What Exactly is a Supranational Organization?
Examples of Supranational Organizations
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Commonwealth of Independent States
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
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Examples of Supranational Organizations
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The United Nations:
The United Nations was created on January 1st, 1942, by the U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt after World War II. The organization was originally created to fight against the Axis Powers and for special matters. In the process of their creation they replaced the League of Nations. They were based out in American though they had and still have offices around the world. Today the organization consists of roughly 190 members, among which the United States, France, Germany, United Kingdom, Australia, Japan, and Russia remain key players. The present goal of this organization is to create international stability and peace, democracy, justice, cooperative relationships among members, and to harmonize international relationships.
The organization’s hierarchy begins with it’s General Assembly, which debates issues and offers solutions/recommendations. From the General Assembly the authority branches into different sectors such as the U.N. Peacekeeping Operations and the U.N. Political and Peacekeeping Missions. This is an advantage of the U.N. because members are able to target a sector. Other advantages of membership are the international security, support, and cooperation. Yet a disadvantage of membership is the mandated power a state must cede to the organization. Also each member gains the organizations problems, such as with the U.N.’s immense network it is hard to fully execute decisions. Many times when a state appeals for support the U.N. is slow to provide or deny because of the multiple processes. The U.N. tries to preserve local diversity such as language. This can be seen through the encouragement of dying languages through U.N. promoted television specials.
The European Union:
The European Union (E.U.) was started after World War II by Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. The E.U. was created to promote peace between European states. The Treaty of Rome created the European Economic Community which gave the E.U. its early financial beginnings. The membership list of the European Union is long including roughly 30 states, among which Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Spain, and until recently Italy. The goal of the organization today is to form a economic and political partnership between all members, to promote the prosperity of its member states, and create a sole market throughout Europe. The hierarchy of the E.U. is divided into “primary” and “secondary” (E.U. website) legislation which are created by the Commission. The E.U. then passes this legislation through the European Parliament, where it is executed or rejected. The advantage in membership of this organization is the economic and political support provided from other members. The disadvantage is the inheritance of all the states combined problems, such as the failing Greek economy. Also another disadvantage of the E.U. is that it challenges local diversity because it wants to create a uniform system throughout Europe. This can be seen through Germans speaking French, wearing French fashions, and indulging in French cuisine. Links:
The North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement:
The North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was signed into existence on January 1st, 1994. It is cooperation between Mexico, The United States, and Canada that removes tariffs between the three. It also addresses labor and environmental concerns that help promote the betterment of the states involved. The organization does not have any true hierarchy but is simply an agreement to eliminate tariffs. All three state benefit from this agreement, even though Mexico benefits the most since it is a less developed country and has the least money to pay tariffs. The disadvantage of this agreement is that it limits the free trade within a state. NAFTA challenges local diversity because it eliminates economic barriers, which allow corporations to outsource resources. This can be seen through Mexicans driving Hondas or living in American-style suburbs.
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